Architectural design is the art and science of planning, designing, and building structures or other physical structures. Architectural projects, in the common material form of houses, are regarded as artistic works and as visual symbols. Architectural designs are not static entities, but change with time and with the changing culture. In the modern world, architectural styles have diverged significantly from their traditional patterns. Architectural styles are also influenced by technological changes and social changes.
Architectural styles are the result of individual creative efforts, although some theoretical definitions of style claim that there are several types of modern architecture. The best-known among these are commercial, residential, mid-century, and stately. In addition, architecture can be categorized according to form, technology, space use, function, design, and visual effect. Modern architecture, as a general term, includes all architectural styles within the modern scientific society of architects.
Landscape architecture is an architecture that places functional purposes at the top of its agenda. This kind of architecture is more concerned with the beauty of the landscape than the aesthetic value of the buildings. In comparison to the style of urban design, landscape architecture tends to be much less flexible. Landscape architecture is best known for monumental buildings such as cities. But it also has an important place in the history and culture of towns. The main aim behind landscape architecture is the creation of natural landmarks.
The term EGYPTIC comes from the Greek word egytronos, meaning “great looking place”. This concept is used to describe the unique combination of physical and architectural features that create a striking natural environment. EGYPTIC architecture does not attempt to portray an exact replica of the natural setting, but attempts to create a harmony between the different elements of nature. As it is much more about aesthetics than its accuracy in depicting reality, the term EGYPTIC may seem a bit strange to many people.
In the main article we looked at three main styles of architecture commonly found throughout the world, which are the Classical, Romantic and Georgian. Each of these styles is characterised by different sizes, varying shapes, boldness and forms. As, well as this there is considerable diversity, and often an equal mixture between different architectural styles.
In conclusion we have looked at three main categories of buildings and building design, which make up the architectural profession. These are landscape architecture, urban planning and vernacular architecture. This article has looked briefly at the differences between the three disciplines and their influences on the architectural profession. There is still much work to be done on architecture and the buildings it creates, but this has been an outline look at some key aspects. As more forms of architecture emerge, the boundaries between the disciplines will become less defined and more a matter of creativity and technological innovation.